- Chi, Chun-Chieh. 2007. “The Ideas and Ideals of First Nations and Their Applications in Taiwan: A Critical Evaluation.” Taiwan International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 1-22. Taipei, Taiwan: Taiwan International Studies Association.
Indigenous movements in Taiwan since the 1980s have centered on land and resource issues, as shown in waves of land claim movements. These movements, however, have resulted in little achievements as indigenous land and resource rights continue to be dominated by state agencies and regulations, especially in areas such as national parks, national forests, and mining fields. In the late 1990s, the Council of Indigenous Peoples, the National Park Agency, and some concerned scholars began to introduce Canadian indigenous experiences into Taiwanese society. Indigenous communities and the government alike increasingly consider Canadian First Nations experiences, in issues such as land claims, co-management of national parks, and self-government, as models to learn from. Using mainly the proposed MaKau National Park debates as well as Taroko National Park’s Cultural Consulting Committee experience as examples, this paper will explore the aforementioned issues so as to examine the limits of applying the “Canadian model” in Taiwan.