- Walker, Polly O. 2007. “Singing Up Worlds: Ceremony and Conflict Transformation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Peoples in Australia and the United States.” Taiwan International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 23-45. Taipei, Taiwan: Taiwan International Studies Association.
In colonised countries such as Australia and the United States, Indigenous and Settler peoples suffer from the largely unaddressed legacies of colonisation: ruptured relationships, mistrust and on-going injustices. Epistemic violence toward Indigenous people’s worldviews is another painful, on-going legacy of colonisation that must be addressed in order for conflict transformation to be sustainable. Reconciliation ceremonies that involve Indigenous and Settler descended peoples are showing promise as effective conflict transformation processes, in part because the ceremonial experience closely reflects Indigenous worldview. Thus, when Indigenous experience is addressed during ceremony, the process encompasses intellectual, emotional, and spiritual experience and the natural world, creating congruence between process and worldview. Ceremonies are characterised by a creative flux of potential positive transformation, enhancing opportunities for imagining and enacting more just societies in colonised countries.