- Lyver, Phil O’B., Jocelyn Davies, and Robert B. Allen. 2014. “Settling Indigenous Claims to Protected Areas: Weighing Māori Aspirations Against Australian Experiences.” Conservation and Society, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 89-106. Gurgaon, India: Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) and Wolters Kluwer India Pvt. Ltd.
Efforts to resolve indigenous peoples’ grievances about the negative impacts of protected areas established on their customary estates by governments are driving the development of shared governance and management. The Tūhoe people have sought that the settlement of their grievances against the New Zealand government include unencumbered rights to manage Te Urewera, guided by scientific and traditional knowledge and practices, for conservation and social benefits for the Tūhoe people and the broader public. We led a study tour to allow Tūhoe and other Māori representatives to gain first-hand experience of long-standing jointly managed protected areas in Australia that the New Zealand government had drawn on in proposing mechanisms to resolve the Tūhoe claim. We found that these areas were a poor fit to the study tour participants’ aspirations that indigenous world views would underpin governance and that indigenous people would be empowered. Our findings highlight that settlement must be transformational in terms of attitudes and relationships. Collaborative problem-solving processes that build trust can contribute. In areas like Te Urewera, where tenure boundaries fragment a landscape that is a coherent whole in indigenous world views, settlement processes can offer the prospect of landscape-scale outcomes for social justice and conservation.