- Kirk, Gwyn. 1997. “Ecofeminism and Environmental Justice: Bridges across Gender, Race, and Class.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 2-20. Nebraska, United States: University of Nebraska Press.
The ideas in this article come from my involvement in various political projects over the years, from many conversations and discussions. I have added personal experiences as separate but connected sections, in italics, focusing on pivotal learning experiences that have shaped my analytical framework and guided my decisions about new projects. I hope these snapshots from this personal journey give a sense of this ongoing process. My very partial accounts of significant projects and people en route cannot tell the whole story of course. While I include specific examples to make more general points, there is a much longer history behind the projects; but that is not my purpose here. This paper focuses on the potential for making closer connections between ecofeminism and the environmental justice movement, both of which are complex and fluid perspectives, with significant internal variations. Here I emphasize the differences between them as a way of understanding how to make stronger links, which, in turn, will lead to a stronger movement for a sustainable future.